We all know that garlic is good for you. But did you know that if you prepare garlic improperly, you may be destroying many of its health benefits?
Luckily, the fix is easy. And interesting. Because…..science.
Alliin + Allinase —> Allicin.
Fresh garlic contains a compound called alliin and an enzyme called allinase. These two work together to produce a magical ingredient called allicin. If you aren’t a complete toolbag you probably want some allicin in your life.
Allicin has antibacterial, anti fungal, and antiviral properties. Allicin even has antiprotozoal properties! I hear that vampires fear allicin. In nature, allicin protects the plant from a host of pests.
But Here’s the Problem
Unlike your terrifying stalker, allicin isn’t always just there. To produce allicin, you must smash together the two precursor ingredients (alliin and allinase). You can do this by chopping or crushing the garlic. Crushing is better.
From an evolutionary standpoint this makes sense. It’s physical distress which causes the anti-pest ingredient to kick into gear.
So when fresh garlic is chopped or crushed, allicin will form.
Heat Destroys Allinase
Allinase, the enzyme needed to produce allicin, is destroyed by heat. So if you crush garlic and throw it immediately into a hot pan or oven, you won’t get allicin.
Before you know it, you will be sad, old, and lonely – simply because you didn’t do garlic the right way. No one will be your friend, and no one will invite you to Mahjong.
If you eat raw garlic, you’re fine. The mechanical action of your mechanical teeth is enough to crush the garlic. And because you are not exposing the allinase to high heat before the allicin has a chance to form, you are not ruining your whole life by preparing garlic the wrong way.
But if you cook your garlic, Behold!
Simply crush or chop your garlic, then let it sit for ten minutes at room temperature before exposing it to heat.
During this time, the allicin will have time to form. Once the ten minutes are up, you can prepare your garlic however you want without destroying the health benefits. Just don’t complain to me about your bad breath because I will pretend I do not know you.
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